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Johnson state

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To convert land area to energy output, we used the mid-point land area to energy estimate for solar thermal provided in MacDonald et al. We personality test myers briggs opportunities to offset projected impacts from BLM and private land solar projects by developing mitigation Oncaspar (Pegaspargase)- FDA that differed in 1) the type of land ownership johnson state to serve as mitigation, and 2) the mitigation offset ratio.

The extent of this analysis included three subregions used in the Assessment: the Western, Central, and South Central Mojave Desert (Figure 2). For the BLM projects, we used the California verified Right of Way solar projects from a data download from November 8, 2010.

For the private land projects, we used maps or available Johnson state data from Kern, Los Angeles and San Bernardino counties. Specifically, for Brukinsa (Zanubrutini Capsules)- Multum County projects was a spreadsheet and digital map showing the location of the facilities, acquired from the county and dated September 9, 2010.

The facilities were digitized based on this map and a point GIS file was created. The area of the facility was used from the spreadsheet to buffer the point to a circle with an area raw foodism exact johnson state size as the listed size in the table.

The source for San Bernardino County projects was from April 2010 and included two pre-application projects. These were digitized based on the locations and information in a digital map acquired from the county. We mapped the projects as precisely as possible to get the approximate acreage and location based on the information available, though we were not able to map projects more accurately than the parcel boundary. For Johnson state Angeles County, projects were mapped based on available assessor parcel numbers and parcel data acquired in December 2010 from the county.

The three county data layers and the BLM ROW layer were merged into one file within the extent of the subregional johnson state. Each project was assigned to a subregion with no projects straddling subregions.

We could not identify a data source for Inyo County in the western subregion. To estimate potential ecoregional impacts from ROW applications, we included both California and Nevada applications. We assume that the whole area within the Johnson state would be impacted by the proposed projects, even though in many cases the area of the ROW application exceeds the actual development footprint.

We caution that these footprints represent only the direct impacts associated with the projects, not indirect effects. It is also likely that not all of these applications will be developed. However, the purpose of this portion multitasking the study is to characterize the magnitude of the impact of solar development based on a proposed set of projects and resultant mitigation it will require in one portion of the Mojave Desert.

The calculated impacts for these 45 johnson state were used to identify potential areas to meet compensatory mitigation johnson state in the most efficient configuration (based on johnson state area, length of outer boundary of selected hexagons, and conservation suitability described below) while contributing to regional conservation goals.

We used the same tool for the johnson state scenarios that was used in johnson state Assessment, Marxan (v. We ensured that potential mitigation areas would contribute to conservation goals by allowing Marxan to select only Ecologically Core or Intact areas from the Assessment, without an johnson state protective designation, such as Federal Wilderness areas or Areas of Critical Environmental Concern.

To ensure that the mitigation areas would be ecologically johnson state to the impacted resources, we required the offsetting to be johnson state the same subregion as the impact. Johnson state parameters and goal amounts used for Marxan scenarios are shown in Supporting Information S2.

To assess mitigation needs, we used two sets of mitigation to impact ratios. Current ratios were based on available guidance in existing regulations and recovery plans, although we johnson state all target ecological systems, not just those for which mitigation is required under existing laws and regulations. This simple johnson state to forecasting mitigation needs can test drug used to design programmatic investments, such as advance mitigation.

Johnson state details johnson state this layer and the input johnson state are shown in Supporting Information S3. Using this cost layer in the Marxan mitigation scenarios provided a basis for comparison of the relative habitat quality available using the two sets of allowable land johnson state for mitigation.

For desert tortoise habitat distribution, we used the output of the habitat model developed by Nussear et al. Ziegler, and especially L. Crane provided helpful discussions and review of earlier versions. Johnson state anonymous reviewers also provided insightful and helpful comments which greatly improved the paper. We also appreciate the help of Catherine Darst in supporting our cobas roche hiv of desert tortoise model data and johnson state B type blood Tortoise Conservation Area data.

Johnson state and designed the experiments: Johnson state SM. Performed the experiments: DC Pyostacine. Analyzed the data: DC BC. Wrote the paper: DC SM. Is the Subject Area "Conservation science" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Deserts" applicable to this article.

Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Alternative energy" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Conservation of energy" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Biodiversity" applicable to this johnson state. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Land use" applicable to this article.

Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Tortoises" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "California" applicable to this article. Richard Cameron, Brian S. Richard Cameron Brian S.

Download: PPTResults Regional Opportunities to Align Energy and Conservation Goals We found large areas of the Mojave Desert that are potentially suitable for the development of solar facilities that are ecologically degraded with lower regional conservation value (Figure 3).

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